Excess fat accumulation in the liver can lead to a condition called Fatty liver disease. It is associated with other diseases that influence fat metabolism. When the process of fat metabolism is disrupted, the fat can accumulate in the liver in excess amounts and result in fatty liver.
It may be of two types, Alcoholic and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver. It can lead to Steato-hepatitis(inflammation of the liver), scarring, cirrhosis, and end-stage liver disease.
Fatty liver generally has no symptoms until it progresses or the patient may feel heaviness in the upper side of the abdomen, tiredness, anorexia, etc. It can be diagnosed by liver function blood tests, imaging, or biopsy technique.
- Feeling tired
- Loss of appetite
In the Ayurvedic context, it can be correlated with yakruthodar roga. The disease that is manifested in the abdominal cavity causing the distention of the abdomen is udararoga. In this condition, agni plays a major role in the manifestation of disease.
- Food habits: eating high fat concentrated, fried food, sugar-rich snacks.
- Very low or no physical activity
- Being obese or overweight.
- Excess alcohol consumption.
Treatments followed in Ayurveda include the intake of herbal medications that have lekhaniya and medohara karma(fat reducing action) as it decreases the body fat, controls the lipid profile and helps in improving liver function. Should undergo Ayurvedic detoxification therapies like panchakarma,udhwartana, etc.
Pathya( Ayurvedic dietary regime and physical exercise) should be followed during the treatment under the supervision of Ayurvedic practitioners.